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أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال وأهم 10 خطوات للحفاظ عليها

أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال حيث أن الإسلام يحثنا على تربية الأطفال وتنشئتهم على الخلق الفاضلة، وعلى تأدية الفروض والعبادات، وذلك على تعوديهم منذ الصغر على الصلاة كما قال صلى الله عليه وسلم: «مُروا أولادَكم بالصلاةِ وهم أبناءُ سبعِ سنينَ، واضرِبوهم عليها وهم أبناءُ عشرٍ، وفرِّقوا بينَهم في المضاجعِ».

أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال
أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال

أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال

  • يعني يمكن الآباء والأمهات أن يغرسوا في نفوس أطفالهم الصلاة، والقيام بمعرفة فضائلها ويحثهم عليها منذ صغرهم؛ لينشئوا ويتربوا عليها ويحافظوا عليها عند الكبر ولا يتركوها.
  • فحث الأطفال على الصلاة فممكن أن يتم شراء سجادة خاصة لهم، أو شراء لبس للصلاة مثل الخمار للبنت والعباءة للولد؛ وذلك لتحبيبهم في الصلاة.
  • واصطحاب الولد مع أبيه إلى الجامع للصلاة ويرى المصلين فيتشجع في الصلاة مثلهم وذلك من سن السابعة حتى العاشرة يتم الإجبار والانتظام في أدائه للصلاة.
  • ويجب وعظه عند تقصيره للصلاة وممكن أن يصل إلى حد الضرب إذا لم يستجب.
  • ولكن يجب حث الطفل على ذلك بقول كلام الله ورسوله على حثنا على المحافظة على الصلاة وذكر أهميتها وجزائها عند الله وهو الفوز بالجنة والفوز بنعيمها، وذكر عواقب من يفرط فيها أو يأخرها وغضب الله لمن يفعل ذلك ومثواه النار كما قال رسولنا صلى الله عليه السلام في أحاديثه.
  • ذكر بعض آيات من القرآن تدعونا إلى الصلاة، وذكر بعض الأحاديث التي تدعونا إلى ذلك.
  • وذلك لمعرفة الطفل أنه يوجد عقاب وجزاء من الله ومعرفته بوجود الجنة للمسلمين الذين يطيعون الله، ووجود النار للكفار العاصين لأوامر الله.
  • وبذلك يلد في قلب الطفل المحبة والتقوى والإيمان ويتم نشأته تنشئة سليمة وخلق فاضلة.
أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال
أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال

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كيفية الوضوء

  • فعلى الآباء تعليم أطفالهم أولاً الوضوء بطريقة صحيحة ومعرفتهم أن لا يصح صلاة بدون طهارة ووضوء.
  • يتم تكرار عملية الوضوء أمام الأطفال مرات عديدة، ثم يقوم الطفل بالوضوء بمفرده وعند خطئه يتم التصحيح والإرشاد.
  • يجب ضرورة مكافئة الطفل أو إعطاؤه جائزة عند صحة وضوءه.
  • ويجب على الآباء توجيه أطفالهم على الطهارة النفسية والجسدية، وذكر أحاديث تحثهم على
  • على ذلك، قال صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إذا توضأ الرجلُ المسلمُ خرجت ذنوبُه من سمعِه وبصرِه ويديه ورجليه فإن قعد قعد مغفورًا له».

خطوات تعليم الصلاة

على الآباء بعد تعليم أطفالهم الوضوء والانتهاء من هذه المرحلة ينتقلوا إلى المرحلة التالية وهي تعليمهم للصلاة وذلك باتباع الآتي:

  • القبلة: يجب معرفة القبلة دون التفات أو انحدار.
  • النية: يجب النية في قلبنا بالصلاة دون النطق بها.
  • معرفة التكبير: يجب الوقوف ثابتاً والبدء في الصلاة بقول تكبيرة الإحرام وهي” الله أكبر” ورفع اليدين عند المنكبين.
  • وضع اليد: وضع الكف اليمنى على اليسرى على الصدر.
  • ذكر دعاء الاستفتاح للصلاة.
  • الاستعاذة: يجب أن نستعيذ من الشيطان الرجيم كما حثنا رسولنا الكريم بقول: “أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم”.
  • قراءة الفاتحة: يبدأ بقراءة سورة الفاتحة ثم بعدها أي سورة صغيرة تم حفظها له.
  • ركوع: يعني أن يحني الظهر؛ عظمة لله وتعظيماً له.
  • تكبير أثناء الركوع: الدعاء لله بقول “سبحان ربي العظيم” وذلك يكررها الطفل ثلاث من المرات.
  • يرفع الرأس بعد الركوع: بعد ركوعه يرفع رأسه ويقول “سمع الله لمن حمده”.
  • ثم بعد ذلك يقوم برفع يديه لجهة المنكبين.
أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال
أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال

تعلم السجود الصحيح وأثره

  • سجود: يتم السجود بخشوع وقول “سبحان ربي الأعلى “مرات ثلاث من المرات.
  • يرفع من سجوده: يرفع رأسه بعد سجوده الأول بخشوع ويقول “الله أكبر”.
  • يجلس بين السجدتين: يستحسن أن يجلس على قدمه اليسرى ونصب قدمه اليمنى إن أمكن ذلك له، ويرفع السبابة عند الدعاء ويحركها.
  • يسجد مرة ثانية: يكرر ما فعله في سجوده الأول، حيث أن السجود من أكثر الأمور التي تحافظ على أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال.
  • يقوم من سجدته الثانية: يقول” الله أكبر” ويؤدي هذه الركعة مثل ما فعل في الركعة الأولى ولكن بدون قراءة لدعاء الاستفتاح.
  • يقرأ التشهد: فيجب حفظ الطفل لهذا التشهد وهو كالتالي: “التحيات لله والصلوات لله والصلوات والطيبات السلام عليك أيها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاته، السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين، أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله ,وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله”.
  • يقف بعد تشهده الأول: إذا كانت الصلاة رباعية كما في الظهر والعصر والعشاء، أو إذا كانت ثلاثية كما في صلاة المغرب، أما إذا كانت ركعتان كما في صلاة الفجر أو في صلاة النوافل؛ فيتم إتمام التحيات كما يلي: “اللهم صل على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما صليت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد، وبارك على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما باركت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد”.
  • يسلم: بعد انتهاء الطفل من التحيات يبدأ بالتسليم على جهته اليمنى أولاً ثم اليسرى وذلك بقول” السلام عليكم ورحمة الله “.
أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال
أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال

شاهد أيضًا: طرق تعليم الأطفال الكتابة.

الخاتمة: أثر تعليم الصلاة داخل الأطفال يربي جيلاً ذات خلق وفضيلة ومحب لله ورسوله ويتبع أوامرهم ويتجنب نواهيهم؛ لأنه تربى على الخلق وفي قلبه الإيمان وحبه للإسلام؛ فعلى الآباء أن يحرصوا على تربية أبنائهم على تلك التقوى من صغرهم وعدم الإهمال لبناء جيل صالح في المستقبل.

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