صحة و جمال

أعراض الحمل في الشهر الثاني 2021

تعرف على أشهر علامات الحمل بالشهر الثاني

تبدأ أعراض الحمل في الشهر الثاني 2021 من الأسبوع الخامس إلى الأسبوع الثامن، في هذه الفترة يبدأ الجنين في مرحلة التشكيل بعد أن ينقسم إلى خلايا ويتم جمعها، وفي هذه الفترة تبدأ المرأة تشعر بأعراض الحمل، ويحدث لها بعض التغييرات، وغالبًا ما تكون هذه الأعراض مشابهة للشهر الأول، ولذلك يجب على المرأة أن تكون على علم بهذه التأثيرات والتغييرات؛ لأن هذا الحمل يؤثر على مزاجها وحالتها النفسية ومشاعرها .

شاهد أيضًا: الرضاعة الطبيعية نصائح مفيدة في بداية الأمومة.

ما هي أعراض الحمل في الشهر الثاني 2021 ؟

تبدأ أعراض الحمل في الشهر الثاني، ونعلم أنها متنوعة ومختلفة على حسب حالة كل امرأة، وتتمثل الحالات كما يلي:

انقطاع الدورة الشهرية للمرأة

عندما تتأخر الدورة الشهرية عن موعدها بحلول خامس أسبوع من انقطاعها، فيكون قد تم الشهر الأول من الحمل،  وعند حلول ثامن أسبوع من انقطاعها فتبدأ أعراض الحمل بالشهر الثاني، وتغيب دورة جديدة وفي هذه الفترة تبدأ المرأة بالشعور بآلام متشابهة مع آلام الدورة في بدايتها، وممكن التأكد من حدوث الحمل بعمل فحص منزلي أو عمل فحص عند الطبيب .

حدوث نزف وقت الانغراس

عند الإخصاب يتم نزف خفيف وبسيط أو وقوع بضع قطرات من الدم وذلك بعد حوالي أربعة عشر يوما من عملية الإخصاب، ومع أن هذه التغييرات أمر طبيعي الا أن يفضل الذهاب إلى الطبيب للكشف، والاطمئنان على صحة المرأة وعلى صحة الجنين، وعمل الأشعة والفحوصات اللازمة؛ للتأكد بأن الأمور كلها تمام .

فلا داعي لقلق المرأة عند وقوع بقع الدم فذلك تم نتيجة لتمزق بعض من الأوعية الدموية صغيرة الحجم عند انتقالها إلى بويضة مخصبة تجاه الرحم، ويتم الالتصاق من بطانة الرحم فعند إخصاب البويضة في قناة فالوب من الحيوانات المنوية الداخلة، فتبدأ هذه الخلايا بالانقسام وتبدأ بالنمو وتتكون؛ لتصبح مضغة ويبدأ في النمو وتغيير شكله ليصبح جنين بعد مرور الوقت، ويبدأ الجنين بالتغذية ويعتمد على جسم أمه حيث تمده  بالأكسيجين والغذاء .

تغييرات ثدي المرأة

يحدث الكثير من التغيرات للمرأة، ومنها تغيرات للثديين وتغيرات للهرمونات وذلك للاستعداد للرضاعة ومن أهم هذه التغييرات:

  • ألم في الثديين: يبدأ في هذه الفترة زيادة في حساسية الثدي والحلمات مثل أول بداية الحمل، وتعاني المرأة من ألم ووخز وثقل في الثديين، ويبدأ هذا الألم بعد حوالي أسبوعين من الحمل؛ وذلك بسبب ارتفاع لهرمونات الحمل وزيادة في تدفق الدم للثديين ويزول هذا الألم بعد بضعة من الأسابيع من الحمل .
  • ظهور للأوردة الزرقاء على الجلد : حيث تظهر الأوردة الزرقاء والتي تبرز على الجلد في بعض المناطق من الجسم، مثل الثديين والمعدة، ويكون ذلك بسبب زيادة حجم الدم والذي قد يصل إلى 50 في المائة زيادة أثناء الحمل، وهذه الأوردة ذات أهمية كبيرة حيث تقوم بنقل الدم المتزايد إلى الجنين.
  • زيادة حجم الثديين: حيث يزيد حجم الثدي بمقدار مقاس أو ممكن بمقدار مقاسين عند الكثير من النساء في فترة حملهم؛ وذلك بسبب الزيادة في الهرمونات والتي تزداد من مخزن الدهون في جسم المرأة، خاصة في الحمل الأول، حيث يستمر هذا المخزون في الزيادة منذ بداية الحمل وحتى نهايته، وكذلك أثناء فترة الرضاعة الطبيعية.
  • التغير في حلمات الثديين: حيث تصير حلمات الثدي والهالة التي تحيط بالثدي ذات لون غامق.
  • التغيرات في الجلد: حيث يطرأ بعض التغيرات على شكل الجلد والبشرة، في هذه الفترة من الحمل، وهذه التغيرات تختلف من امرأة إلى أخرى، وتكون كما يلي:
  • أولا: صفاء وتوهج البشر: حيث تبدو البشرة بشكل وردي ولامعة وصافية، ومع نهاية الشهر الثاني من شهور الحمل، وهذا نتيجة لزيادة الدورة الدموية، وبعض الناس يطلقون على ذلك التحسن بتوهج الحمل.
  • ثانيا: ظهر حب الشباب: وتظهر هذه الحبوب نتيجة لزيادة إفراز الهرمونات التي تتسبب في زيادة إفراز الزيوت والدهون في البشرة، مما قد يسبب زيادة حب الشباب.
  • ثالثًا: زيادة نمو الشعر على الجسم: حيث قد يصبح من الصعب التحكم في الشعر أكثر مما كان عليه الأمر قبل الحمل.

وقد يصاحب الشهر الثاني بعض الأعراض الأخرى، مثل:

التقلبات المزاجية

حيث تشعر الحامل بتقلبات في حالتها المزاجية نتيجة زيادة هرمونات الحمل، وتظهر هذه التقلبات في كونها تمر بأوقات تكون فيها نشيطة، وأوقات أخرى تكون فيها هادئة، وأوقات تكون فيها منفعلة، وأوقات تكون مريضة وعصبية.

تقلبات الشهية

والسبب في ذلك هي هرمونات الحمل، حيث تكون في أوقات ذات شهية منخفضة، وأوقات ذات شهية جيدة، والجسم في هذه الفترة يكون بحاجة إلى العديد من العناصر المطلوب والهامة للحامل والجنين.

شاهد أيضًا: 8 من أعراض الحمل في الشهر الثاني.

ختامًا فعلى المرأة عند الشعور بأي عرض من العروض المذكورة في أعراض الحمل في الشهر الثاني، وحدوث أي تغير في جسمها يجب التوجه الى الطبيب؛ للتأكد من وجود حمل وكذلك للاطمئنان على الجنين وعلى صحتها.  

 

Sohati - حامل في الشهر الثاني واشعر بحركة

علامات استمرار الحمل فى الشهر الثاني وتجاوز المرحله الحرجة | أنا مامي

اعراض الحمل الشهر الثاني

أعراض الحمل في الشهر الثالث بولد – موقع زيادة

اعراض الحمل بولد الأكيدة في الشهر الثاني عالم حواء الاسبوع ال8 | أخبار  السعودية

علامات اذا كنت حامل في ولد او انثى بالشهر الاول , اعراض الحمل بولد في الشهر  الاول - اغراء القلوب

مخاطر الحمل في الشهر الثالث | مجلة سيدتي

 

 

 

 

مقالات ذات صلة

‫204 تعليقات

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