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الأمن السيبراني

الأمن السيبراني أو ما يطلق عليه ب أمن الحاسوب أو أمن المعلومات تندرج جميع المسميات السابقة تحت فروع تكنولوجيا المعلومات . يختص الأمن السيبراني بحماية الأنظمة والشبكات والبرامج من أي نوع من الهجمات الرقمية. التي تتمثل بالوصول إلى المعلومات الحساسة لتغييرها أو إتلافها أو ابتزاز المال من صاحبها .

كما يعرف أدوارد الأمن السيبراني بأنه مجموعة من الوسائل التي من شأنعا الحد ومنع خظر الهجوم على البرمجيات أو الشبكات أو أجهزة الحاسوب ونشمل تلك الوسائل إلى الأدوات المستخدمة في مواجهة القرصنة وكشف الفيروسات و وقفها ايضاً توفير الإتصالات المشفرة .

أهمية الأمن السيبراني

  • السلامة : الحفاظ على سلامة المعلومات والبيانات والشبكات من أي نوع من الهجمات ومن الوصول الغير مصرح لها
  • السرية : التحكم بالبيانات لمن هم مخولين بالتعامل معها والإطلاع عليها فقط
  • الجاهزية : جاهزية المعلومات والبيانات والأنظمة والشبكات متى ما تطلب الأمر .

الأمن السيبراني

نهج الأمن السيبراني وكيف يعمل

هناك نهج معين يتبعه  الأمن السيبراني الناجح والذي يرتكز على طبقات متعددة من الأمن و الحماية التي تنتشر عبر أجهزة الكمبيوتر أو البرامج أو الشبكات أو البيانات التي الشركة أو المؤسسة أو الفرد في الحفاظ عليها. وهناك وظيفة تكاملية بين الأشخاص والعمليات والتكنولوجيا، يجب أن يكمل كل منها الآخر داخل العمل لإنشاء خظ دفاع فعال ومنظم في مواجهة الهجمات السيبرانية .

  • المستخدمين : يجب على المستخدمين  فهم مبادئ أمن وحماية البيانات، مثل اختيار كلمات مرور قوية وإجراء النسخ الاحتياطي للبيانات بإستمرار ، والحذر من الرسائل والمرفقات ذات المصدر المجهول في البريد الإلكتروني.
  • العمليات : يجب ان تمتلك المؤسسة أو بيئة العمل أي كانت المقدرة على التعامل مع أي نوع من الهجمات والتصدي لها
  • التقنية : يعد توفير التكنولوجيا أمر مهم لمنح المؤسسات والأفراد أدوات الأمن السيبراني اللازمة للحماية . يجب التصدي و حماية ثلاثة كيانات رئيسية وتعد مهمة، منها : الأجهزة الطرفية مثل أجهزة الكمبيوتر والأجهزة الذكية والموجّهات والشبكات والسحابة. ويمكن حماية هذه الكائنات بطرق مختلفة وتعد شائعه لدى البعض منها : الجيل التالي من الجدران النارية و تصفية DNS والحماية ضد البرامج الضارة ، برامج مكافحة الفيروسات ، التعامل مع طرق أمان البريد الإلكتروني .

أنواع تهديدات الأمن السيبراني

  • تصيد المعلومات : يعد من اكثر الهجمات انتشاراً وشيوعاُ وهي العملية التي يتم بها إرسال رسائل بريد إلكتروني احتيالية . بهدف سرقة المعلومات الحساسة والمهمة  مثل أرقام بطاقة الائتمان ومعلومات تسجيل الدخول إلى الحسابات .
  • البرامج الضارة: والتي تتمثل بتصميم نوع من البرامج الضارة الغير مصرح بها تمكن صاحبها من الوصول إلى جهاز الحاسوب لإلحاق الضرر به
  • برامج الفدية الضارة : نوع من البرامج المصممة للوصول إلى الملفات وأنظمة الحاسوب بهدف حجب إستخدام صاحبها لها مقابل دفع المال والإبتزاز .

الأمن السيبراني

كيف يمكنك دراسة تخصص الامن السيبراني

هناك العديد من الطرق التي يمكنك من خلالها دراسة تخصص الأمن السيبراني :

  •  بكالوريوس في علم الحاسوب ، نظم المعلومات الحاسوبية  ، هندسة الحاسوب ، تكنولوجيا المعلومات،  ومن ثم الإلتحاق لدراسة ماجستير في تخصص الامن السيبراني .
  •  بكالوريوس في تخصص الامن السيبراني .

ما أهمية دراسة تخصص الأمن السيبراني 

بعد تطور العالم والانتشار الواسعة لشبكة الإنترنت أصبح من المهم مواكبة العصر للإلتحاق بتخصصات ذات مرجع أساسي وأهمية كبيرة في وقتنا الحالي .إن دراستك لمجال الأمن السيبراني سوف تحصل على العديد من الميزات والفرص التي تختلف عن أي مجال آخر . نظراً لضرورته . ومنها :

  • الحصول على رواتب مرتفعة
  • توافر فرصة عمل كبيرة
  • إمكانية الحصول على المعلومات المراد معرفتها
  • القدرة على حماية البيانات والمعلومات
  • التقليل من خطر الجرائم الإلكترونية
توفر لك منصة إدراك مساق لتعلم الأمن السيبراني

 

 

 

 

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‫375 تعليقات

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