تغذية

العنب للأطفال الرضع

العنب للأطفال – إن التنوع في النظام الغذائي يعد أحد الامور المهمة في علم الغذاء والصحة ، حيث أن الجسم يحتاج إلى العديد من العناصر الغذائية لإكمال عملية  النمو و للحفاظ على بنية الجسم . يأتي دور التنوع في النظام الغذائي للأطفال الرضع أمر مهم أيضاً لأنها تمدهم بالعناصر الغذائية والفيتامينات والمعادن المتنوعة المفيدة لصحة وبناء اجسامهم وتقوية مناعتهم . في هذا المقال سيأتي الدور على تناول العتب للأطفال الرضع فما فوائده وما اضراره ومتى يتم إدراجه في نظام الطفل العذائي .

العنب للأطفال

يتميز العنب بفوائده وقيمته الغذائية العالية لإحتواءه على العديد من الفيتامينات فيتامين ج، فيتامين ب ، والعديد من المعادن كالبوتاسيوم، والكالسيوم، والصوديوم . التي لها دور كبير على صحة ونمو الطفل الرضيع كما إته يتميز بإحتواءه على سكر الجلوكوز وسكر الفركتوز سريعين الإمتصاص . كما إنه يتميز بمذاقه الحلو وسهولة بلعه .

فوائد العنب للأطفال الرضع 

تتعد فوائد العنب التي لا حصر لها لما لها من قيمة غذائية عالية ، إليك فوائد العنب لطفلك :

  • تعزيز نمو الأسنان والحفاظ على صحة العظام : نظراُ لإحتواءه على الكالسيوم .
  • الحفاظ على رطوبة الجسم وحمايته من الجفاف : نظراُ لإحتواءه على نسبة عالية من الماء التي تساعد على بقاء الجسم رطب ولين .
  • الوقاية من الأنيميا: يساعد العنب على الحفاظ على مستوى الهيموغلوبين في الدم ، ايضاً إحتواءه على فايتمين ج له دور في المساعده غلى إمتصاص عنصر الحديد في الجسم
  • التخلص من الإمساك : نظراً لإحتواءه على نسبة غالية من الألياف التي تساعد الهضم والتخلص من حالات الإمساك .
  • حماية الجهاز العصبي : يساعد على حماية الأنسجة العصبية من التلف والحفاظ على نمو الدماغ بمعدل صحي.
  • الوقاية من إلتهابات الجهاز التنفسي : إن احتواء الهنب على فايتمين ج يساعد على تقوية مناعة الجسم والحفاظ الجهاز التنفسي من نزلات البرد والفايروسات التي تثيب الشعب الهوائية .
  • تنشيط الكبد : يعمل على تحفيز الكبد و زيادة نشاطه وإفراز العصارة الصفراء التي لها دور أساسي في عملية الهضم .

العنب للأطفال الرضع

ومتى يُعطى العنب للأطفال 

إن الفترة التي يسمح بها إعطاء الطفل العنب هي فترة ما بعد إكمال الستة شهور الفترة التي يتم بها إدخال الأطغمة الصلبة إلى غذاء الطفل . وذلك حرصاُ على صجته  .

أضرار العنب للأطفال الرضع

يعد العنب أحد الفاكهة الآمنة إلى حد ما إلا إنه هناك بعض الاضرار التي يحتمل ان بسببها تناول العنب منها :

  • مخاطر الإختناق : بسبب حجمه الصغير وملمسه الأملس يمكن إنزلاقه بسهولة أسفل القصبة الهوائية والتي من الممكن أن يتسبب في الإختناق لذلك احرصي على تقديم العنب مهروساً أو مقطعاً إلى أربع اجزاء .
  • تسوس الأسنان: إن الإفراط في تناول العنب لطفلك قبل بلوغه العام من الممكن ان يؤدي إلى التسبب في تسوس الأسنان لإحتواءه على نسبة عالية من السكريات .
  • مخاطر التسمم : تتعرض شجرة العنب إلى المبيدات الحشرية لذلك يجب الحرص على غسل العنب جيداُ قبل تناوله .
إن الإفراط في تناول العنب قد يلحق الضرر بطقلك، نظراُ لإحتواءه على السكريات والسعرات الحرارية العالية ،حبث يؤدي إفراط تناوله إلى حدوث مشكلات في الجهاز الهضمي كالإمساك وإسهال وغير ذلك كما يمكن ان يؤدي الإكثار منه للإصابة بالسكري أو ارتفاع ضغط الدم .

العنب للاطفال الرضع

وصفات العنب للأطفال للرضع 

هناك العديد من الوصفات التيي يمكنك تقديمها لطفلك بمكونات بسيطة ذات قيمة غذائية عالية ، إليك بعض الوصفات :

يجب الحرص على طهي العنب إذا تم تقديمه للطفل في الفترة قبل 7-8 شهور

العنب للأطفال – مهروس العنب 

  • قومي بتقشير خمس حبات من العنب مع الحرص على التخلص من البذور
  • اهرسي العنب جيداً في الشوكة
  • قدميه لطفلك .

العنب للأطفال – مهروس التفاح والعنب 

يحتوي التفاح والعنب على قيمة غذائية عالية يمكنك تقديمعم لطفلك بعد إكمال الثمان أشهر مع الحرص أول على تجربة تقديم كل فاكهة على حدا وذلك لإخنبار إذا كان طفلك يعاني من تحسس في أحدهم .

المكونات : حبة تفاح واحدة ، ستة إلى عشر حبات من عنب ، كوب ماء .

  • قومي بتقشير التفاح ،وقطعيه إلى اربع اجزاء .
  • اطهي قطع التفاح على البخار واتركيها حتى تمام النضج.
  • قطعي العنب وأزيلي البذور الموجودة بالداخل.
  • أحضري وعاء وضعيه على الوقود، ثم صبي العنب والماء فيه، واتركيه حتى يطهو.
  • ارفعي الفواكه من فوق الموقد .
  • ضعي الفواكه في الخلاط الكهربائي وفوقها كمية ماء مناسبة .
  • اخلطي المكونات مع بعضها جيدًا .
  • يمكنك تقديم المهروس إلى طفلك دافئ أو بارد .

العنب للأطفال – سموثي العنب 

اضيفي بعض من حبات العتب إلى فاكهة الموز أو التفاح أو الأفوكادو أو مزيج منهم .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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‫195 تعليقات

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