غير مصنفصحة و جمال

متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع

ما اسباب متلازمة هز الرضيع وما مخاطرها وما الطرق التى يمكن إتباعها لتهدئة طفلك

 

متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع
متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع

متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع تعد نوع من أنواع إساءة معاملة الأطفال، تحدث متلازمة هز الرضيع بسبب الهز العنيف حتى وإن كانت لفترة قصيرة لا تتعدى خمس ثوانٍ ينتج عنها إصابة في الدماغ أو تلف دائم للدماغ أو الوفاة.
فما أضرار ومخاطر هز الطفل الرضيع

أسباب متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع 

تحدث متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع عندما يقوم أحد الوالدين أو مقدم رعاية بهز الطفل الرضيع بعنف .تحدث متلازمة هز الرضيع نتيجة لضعف عضلات الرقبة، فلا تستطيع دعم ثقل الرأس بالشكل الكافي فعندما يتعرض الرضيع إلى الهز العنيف، يتحرك دماغه داخل جمجمته. يتسبب ذلك في كدمة، وتورم، ونزيف وقد يؤدي إلى أضرار بالغة تؤدي إلى قطع بالأوعية الدموية المغذية للمخ .


متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع
متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع

مخاطر هز الطفل الرضيع 

حتى الهز الخفيف لطفل رضيع يمكن أن يؤثر سلياً وينتج عنه تلف في الدماغ.  العديد من الأطفال المصابين بمتلازمة هز الرضيع قد ينتهي بهم المطاف إلى الموت وأظهرت الدراسات بأن أغلب الناجين من المتلازمة يحتاجون إلى رعاية طبية مدى الحياة .

قد يؤدي هز الطفل الرضيع إلى حدوث مخاطر مثل : 
  • فقدان البصر الجزئي أو الكلي .
  • الشلل.
  • الإعاقة العقلية.
  • مشاكل فى النمو .
  • تأخرات نمائية، أو مشكلات في التعلم، أو مشكلات سلوكية
  • تأخر النطق
  • تهتك أو قطع في الحبل الشوكي
متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع
متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع

الوقاية 

يجب إرشاد الأمهات الجدد عن متلازمة هزِّ الرضيع وما مخاطرها ، وإعطاءهم فصول وإرشادات كيفية تهدئة الطفل عند البكاء .

حين لا يمكنك السيطرة على طفلك وتهدئته حين البكاء عليك تجربة طرق مختلفة لإيقافة عن البكاء بعيداً عن تج تهدئة طفلك الباكي فقد تميلين إلى تجربة أي شيء لإيقافه عن البكاء؛ لكن من المهم دومًا معاملة طفلك برفق وحنان. فلا شيء أبدًا يبرر القيام برجّ الطفل وهزه بعنف.


طرق تهدئة الرضيع

إن الطريقة الوحيدة لتعبير الطفل الرضيع عن إحتياجاته هو البكاء ، لذلك عند بكاء طفلك الرضيع حاولي تلبية احتياجاته مثل:

  • الرضاعة.
  • التأكد من عدم ارتفاع حرارته أو برودة جسمه.
  • تغيير الحفاظات .
بعد التأكد من هذه الملاحظات إليكِ بعض الطرق التى يمكن أن تتبعيها لتهدئة طفلك :
  • اخفضي اضواء الإنارة من حولك.
  • احملي طفلك وتنفسي ببطء وهدوء ، فقد يشعر طفلك بهدوئك وينتقل إليه الشعور بالراحة والأمان .
  • تحدثي مع طفلك بصوت هادئ .
  • قدمي لطفلك لعبة تصدر اصوات هادئة .
  • قومي بعمل مساج خفيف له

اقرأ أيضاً : ما مميزات اللهاية ” التيتينا” للأطفال حديثي الولادة وعيوبها 

 

 

 

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