الحياة والمجتمع

هل تزيد لعبة الشطرنج من ذكائك

تزيد لعبة الشطرنج من ذكائك حيث إنها لعبة الموهوبين والمثقفين؛ لأنها تمثل الرياضة المثالية لممارسة العضو الأكثر حيوية في الجسم، وهو “الدماغ”، مع أنّها بدأت في الخمسينيات من القرن الماضي، إلا أنها حافظت على بريقها وجاذبيتها، وانتشرت في جميع أنحاء العالم وبين الناس من جميع الأعمار، من الأطفال إلى كبار السن.

كما قالوا  “الجسم السليم في العقل السليم” سيحسن صحتك العقلية لبقية حياتك.

مزايا الشطرنج الغير متوقعة

لعبة الشطرنج
لعبة الشطرنج

يعزز نمو الدماغ

  • بعض الألعاب، مثل الشطرنج، تحفز الدماغ عن طريق تعزيز نمو التشعبات، وهي امتدادات صغيرة ومتفرعة من الخلايا العصبية التي تنقل المعلومات إلى بقية الدماغ.

رفع معدل الذكاء

  • وجدت دراسة أجريت على 4000 تلميذ في فنزويلا أن ممارسة لعبة الشطرنج لمدة أربع أشهر عزز معدل الذكاء لدى كل من الأولاد والبنات.

 تحسين الذاكرة

  • وجدت دراسة أجريت على مدار عامين في عام 1985 أن الطلاب الذين أتيحت لهم الفرصة للعب الشطرنج بشكل منتظم قاموا بتحسين أدائهم الأكاديمي ووظائف الذاكرة ومهاراتهم التنظيمية.
لعبة الشطرنج
لعبة الشطرنج

زيادة القدرة على التركيز

  • ثبت أن الشطرنج يحسن قدرة الشباب على التركيز في العديد من الدراسات التي أجريت في روسيا والولايات المتحدة والصين.

 زيادة الإبداع

  • تم إجراء دراسة لمدة أربع سنوات على الطلاب في الصفوف 7-9 الذين تم تقسيمهم إلى ثلاث مجموعات.
  • ومارسوا إما لعب الشطرنج أو استخدام الكمبيوتر أو القيام ببعض الأنشطة الأخرى مرة واحدة في الأسبوع لمدة 32 أسبوعًا.
  • مع تسجيل مجموعة الشطرنج الأعلى من حيث قياس الإبداع مع القدرة على تحقيق الأرباح.

تنمية مهارات القراءة

  • قام الدكتور ستيوارت مارغوليس بدراسة وتقييم أداء القراءة لدى الطلاب في دراسة أجريت عام 1991.
  • وشارك 53 طالبًا ابتدائيًا في برنامج لعبة الشطرنج، ثم تمت مقارنتهم بالطلاب الذين لم يلعبوه.
  • وأثبتت النتائج النهائية أن هؤلاء الطلاب تتحسن 1مهارات القراءة لديهم.

الشطرنج يساعد على النجاح في المدرسة

  • يجب أن يركز لاعب الشطرنج الجيد على مواقع القطع.
  • معرفة أنماط الحركة لكل قطعة ومحاولة استنباط الحركات المحتملة والتنبؤ بها أثناء اللعب عندما يكون هناك 32 قطعة من ست أنواع مختلفة مصطفة على لوحة مقسمة إلى 64 مربعًا.
  • وماذا يمكن أن تكون نتيجة كل خطوة واختيار أفضلها، على سبيل المثال، هناك 30 حركة مسموح بها (مسموح بها).
  • يمكن القيام به في منتصف اللعبة، ويتطلب الكثير من الذاكرة المرئية.
  • فتشير القدرة على تطبيق هذه المجموعة من القدرات بشكل جيد في لعبة الشطرنج إلى القدرة على التركيز بصورة جيدة، والتفكير النقدي والتسلسل.
  • ومن المحتمل أن تنتقل هذه المجموعة من المهارات المعرفية في لعبة ما، فالشطرنج هي لعبة يدرس فيها اللاعبون المفاهيم الرياضية.
لعبة الشطرنج
لعبة الشطرنج

تحسن الاتصالات العصبية

  • سوف تتحسن الاتصالات العصبية داخل الدماغ وتصبح أكثر سرعة إذا زادت هذه التشعبات، من ناحية أخرى.
  • فيمكننا أن نرى أن التعامل مع الناس، لا سيما في ممارسة الأنشطة الصعبة، يتسبب في زيادة هذه التشعبات بشكل أكبر.

ممتاز لتحدي التمارين الذهنية

  • يتم ممارسة كلا الجانبين من الدماغ ،وفقًا لدراسة ألمانية، عندما طُلب من لاعبي الشطرنج تقدير مواضع قطع الشطرنج والأشكال الهندسية المنتظمة.
  • فكانت أوقات رد الفعل للأشكال البسيطة هي نفسها للجميع، لكنهم كانوا يستخدمون جانبي أدمغتهم في هذه العملية.

يساعد في الوقاية من مرض الزهايمر

  • عندما نتقدم في السن، يصبح من الضروري تدريب أدمغتنا، تمامًا كما نفعل مع عضلاتنا الرئيسية الأخرى، من أجل الحفاظ على لياقتهم وفي حالة جيدة.
  • وفقًا لدراسة حديثة نُشرت في The New England Journal of Medicine، فإن البالغين الذين تزيد أعمارهم عن 75 عامًا والذين يلعبون ألعاب الدماغ والذكاء هم أقل عرضة للإصابة بالخرف من أولئك الذين لا يفعلون ذلك.

لعبة الشطرنج وأهميتها للطفل

  • تحسن لعبة الشطرنج ذكاء الطفل من خلال تحسين قدرته على التفكير والتنبؤ والتحليل للمواقف.
  • طور قدرتك على التفكير الإبداعي والنقدي.
  • تم تحسين المراقبة الموجهة والتركيز والذاكرة.
  • ونتيجة لذلك، ينمو ذكاء الطفل، ويكون قادرًا على تحسين مستواه الأكاديمي بعد تعلم العمليات العقلية.
  • الشطرنج هي إحدى الألعاب التي تنطوي على الذكاء والحدس السريع، وهذا يأتي من تخطيط الطفل لاستراتيجيات؛ لتطويق الملك والفوز باللعبة، فضلًا عن ضرورة توقع تصرفات الخصم.

كيفية زيادة الذكاء

فيبحث العديد من الأفراد عن حل لتعزيز ذكائهم وذلك يحتاج الآتي:

  • ممارسة الرياضة.
  • وتناول الأطعمة الجيدة.
  • والحصول على قسط كافٍ من النوم.
  • والتفكير بإيجابية.
  • وممارسة الهدوء والتأمل.
  • والانخراط في الأنشطة العقلية مثل لعبة الشطرنج.

شاهد أيضاً: أعراض الأمراض النفسية الخطيرة 2021.

ختاماً: تزيد لعبة الشطرنج من ذكائك وتزيد من الإبداع والمهارات، ولذلك فهي ضرورية للطلاب والأطفال لتزيد من ذكائهم،  وتقي الفرد من مرض الزهايمر حتى بعد تعدي 75سنة من عمره.

مقالات ذات صلة

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