الحياة والمجتمع

تعرف على أهم اسباب الكذب عند الأطفال لعام 2021

اسباب الكذب عند الأطفال متعددة يمكن أن تدفع الطفل البالغ من العمر 5 سنوات، أو أكبر للكذب، ومع ذلك لا ينبغي أن نشعر بالقلق، حيث في معظم الحالات مع تقدم الطفل في السن تجده يميل إلى الكذب ثم يهدأ مع الوقت، فبالنسبة للوالد  من الضروري أن يفهم سبب الأكاذيب من أجل اختيار التصرف الأنسب.

اسباب الكذب عند الأطفال

اسباب الكذب عند الأطفال
اسباب الكذب عند الأطفال

مع أنّه قد يبدو مفاجئ، إلا أن الكذب يعتبر أمرًا طبيعيًا في نمو الطفل؛ لأنه علامة على فهمهم للعالم وأن معرفتهم به بدأت تتغير، وتتمثل فيما يلي:

الحصول على ما يريد:

  • على سبيل المثال: أخبر جدته أنه في المنزل، يمكنه تناول الحلويات حسب الرغبة)؛ لتجنب العواقب غير السارة (مثل معاقبتك لإيذاء أختك).

تجميل الحقيقة:

  • لجعل نفسك أكثر إثارة للاهتمام حتى عمر 6 سنوات تقريبًا، يمكن أن يرتبط هذا بالخلط بين الحقيقي والخيال، حتى عندما يميز الأطفال.
  • يستمر البعض في قول هذا النوع من الكذب، كما يفعل بعض البالغين؛ لأنها طريقة لتقدير نفسك في عيون الآخرين، قد يبالغون.
  • على سبيل المثال، في نتائجهم الأكاديمية أو أدائهم الرياضي، أو مغامرات أخرى.

لتجنب التسبب في الألم:

  • على سبيل المثال: القول إنه لم ير كذا وكذا شخصًا أو يفعل كذا وكذا نشاطًا عندما كان في منزل أبي حتى لا يؤذي أمي.

تدني احترام الذات:

  • في بعض الأطفال، هناك خوف حقيقي من أنه إذا عرف آباؤهم أو أحبائهم الآخرين الحقيقة، فإنهم سيتوقفون عن حبهم.

اختبار الحدود:

  • يرغب الطفل بالتالي في تحديد ما هو صحيح وما هو غير ذلك أو ممارسة مهارة الكذب المكتسبة الجديدة، على سبيل المثال.

جذب الانتباه:

  • حتى لو كان هذا الاهتمام سلبيًا سواء كان:

الاندفاع:

  • هذه الصفة موجودة أحيانا في الأطفال الذين يعانون ؛ لأنها قد لديهم ميل إلى الحديث دون تفكير.

التقليد:

  • يتبنى الأطفال سلوكيات البالغين من حولهم؛ لأنهم يهتمون بشدة بما يقوله هؤلاء الكبار ويقبلون على فعله.
  • لذلك حتى عندما تكون أكاذيب الكبار خفية، يمكن للطفل إدراكها وتكرار السلوك.

علاج الكذب عند الأطفال

الكذب عند الأطفال
الكذب عند الأطفال
  • يجب أن يفهم أن الصدق أهم بكثير من سبب الكذب، لذا فإن الكذب أسوأ من كسر شيء ما أو القيام بشيء لم يكن مسموحًا له بفعله.
  • اشرح أن قول الحقيقة يساعد الكبار على الوثوق به.
  • يمكنك أيضًا تشجيعه على قول الحقيقة من خلال التخفيف من العواقب.
  • إذا كان طفلك يكذب بسبب تدني احترام الذات لديه.
  • لن يميل إلى تصحيح نفسه إذا تم الاستهزاء به أو معاقبته على أكاذيبه على العكس من ذلك، سيحافظ على تدني احترامه لذاته.
  • قم بتعزيز إيجابي وراجع توقعاتك منه، حيث يحتاج طفلك إلى اكتساب الثقة بالنفس.
  • طمئنه بإخباره على الرغْم من هذه الأخطاء التي يمكن أن يرتكبها، ستظل تحبه.
  • امنحه مزيدًا من الوقت للتفكير ومراجعة ما أخبرك به للتو.

طريقة التعامل مع الطفل الذي يكذب لتجميل الحقيقة

اسباب الكذب عند الأطفال

  • ساعده في إعادة صياغة ما يقوله، يمكنك أن تقول شيئًا مثل هذه قصة رائعة… ربما يمكننا رسمها أو كتابتها أو تسجيلها؟
  • يجب أن يفهم أنه يستطيع – بل وينبغي – الاستمرار في ممارسة خياله، ولكن دون الحاجة إلى الكذب للقيام بذلك.
  • ركز على الجزء الحقيقي من قصته وقيّم اللحظات التي يقول فيها الطفل الحقيقة دون تجميلها.

التعامل مع الطفل الذي يكذب لجذب الانتباه أو ليشعر بالتقدير

  • يجب الاهتمام به أكثر لأنه يحتاج الى ذلك.
  • مثلاً قضاء وقت ممتع معه والقيام بأنشطة عائلية مجزية سيسمح له بالشعور بالتقدير وتلبية حاجته إلى الاهتمام.
  • قد يشعر طفلك بأنه أقل إثارة للاهتمام من أخيه، على سبيل المثال. إذا كان الأمر كذلك، فحاول تسمية مشاعره وإفساح المجال له.

شاهد أيضاً: طرق تعليم الأطفال الكتابة. 

كيف يمكنك تشجيع طفلك على قول الحقيقة؟

اسباب الكذب للأطفال

  • تحدث إلى طفلك كثيرًا عن أهمية الصدق.
  • اشرح لطفلك عواقب أكاذيبه، حيث خيبة أمل الناس من حوله أو فقدان الثقة الذي ينتج عن ذلك.
  • افعل الكثير من التعزيز الإيجابي، امتدح طفلك في كل مرة يقول الحقيقة.
  • امنح طفلك دائمًا فرصة للتماسك والتحدث عن الحقيقة.
  • قم بإعداد نظام مكافأة في المنزل؛ لتشجيع طفلك على قول الحقيقة، والسماح له في النهاية بالحصول على ما يريد دون الكذب.
  • كن قدوة لطفلك من خلال قول الحقيقة بنفسك، طفلك يراقبك ويقلدك.
  • يجب الانتباه بشكل خاص إلى بعض السلوكيات عند تقديمهم كذبة.
  • قد يميل بعض الأطفال القلقين أو الخجولين الى الكذب لتجنب المواقف التي يجدونها غير مرغوب فيها.
  • قد يكون من المفيد استشارة متخصص (مثل أخصائي نفسي، مستشار، مربي متخصص) يمكنه مساعدة الطفل ووالديه.

شاهد أيضاً: تعلم اللغة العربية بأسهل الطرق أون لاين 2021.

ختامًا فإن الكذب ليس مشكلة، ما لم يكذب الطفل كثيرًا أهم شيء هو فهم اسباب الكذب عند الأطفال، والتعامل مع الأسباب بدلاً من معاقبة الكذب، يجب على الآباء أن ينظروا إلى الكذب على أنه فرصة لتعليم الأطفال دروسًا في الحياة وطرقًا أكثر قبولًا للتصرف في المجتمع.

مقالات ذات صلة

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